Advice to the Environmental Trust

Advising the Environmental Trust on natural resource management evaluation and project design

The NSW Environmental Trust is an independent statutory body created by the Environmental Trust Act 1998. The Trust is administered by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment. The Trust awards grants for environmental projects and supervises how they are used.

The Commission works with the Trust, as requested, to provide advice on natural resource management evaluation and project design, particularly in regards to the Trust’s major projects funding stream.

Evaluation of feral deer management

The NSW Environmental Trust has engaged the Commission to evaluate the cost-effective cross-tenure feral deer management project.

The project is being managed by the National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS), together with a range of community and research partners. The project has $9.2 million in funding from the Trust and a further $7.4 million in cash and in-kind contributions. The project is being delivered over an eight-year period, from July 2019 to June 2027. The project aims to develop new cost-effective, humane and coordinated control techniques for feral deer in NSW to ensure population levels can be managed sustainably by land managers into the future.

Importantly, the evaluation of this project is piloting a new evaluation strategy for the Environmental Trust's major projects, as recommended by the Commission. The strategy recognises a need for high-risk and/or long-term major projects to have evaluation activities during the implementation of projects to:

  • identify early indicators of project failure that need to be addressed
  • identify lessons that have applicability across other projects
  • provide assurance the project is being managed effectively
  • ensure the correct information is being collected to support evaluation activities.

Evaluating the protection of koalas in the Murrah flora reserves

In 2015-16, the NSW Environment Trust (the Trust) provided a $2.5 million grant to Forestry Corporation NSW (FCNSW) to deliver the Protection of Koalas in Murrah Koala Reserves (the Reserves) project over four years.

The project aimed to enhance the conservation status of areas within three state forests on the NSW far south coast to further protect the last remaining koala population in the region and important Aboriginal cultural values and heritage sites.

The project also funded actions to minimise impacts on the local timber industry and protect jobs. The grant was made under the Trust’s new government priorities funding stream. This stream supports new and high priority government issues that address point-in-time environmental issues or complement new policy or legislative frameworks.

The Trust engaged the Commission to evaluate the project. The Commission’s review investigated:

  • whether the project delivered the expected outcomes
  • whether its design and approach were effective
  • what can be learnt from it to improve future projects and long-term outcomes.

The Commission provided its report to the Trust in December 2021.

Overseeing forest dieback research program

Click here to go to web page.

Evaluating the Community Bush Regeneration program

The Environmental Trust asked the Commission to evaluate their Community Bush Regeneration program (program). Commencing in 2011-12, the $8 million program funded 34 projects over six-years, with the aim to:

  • regenerate degraded natural areas, including bushland, riverbanks, degraded waterways and rare and endangered ecosystems
  • improve the ongoing health and resilience of important ecosystems and habitats of rare and endangered flora and fauna
  • improve ecological connectivity within and between natural areas
  • improve the capacity of, and resource local community groups to protect, restore and enhance the environment by strengthening local community organisations whose primary purpose is to undertake environmental works in their local area.

This program was the first time the Trust funded longer-term projects. The Commission's evaluation:

  • assessed whether program outcomes had been achieved
  • tested the assumptions underpinning the program
  • identified lessons for future Trust projects.

The evaluation was informed by an online survey of grant recipients, interviews with some grant recipients, field investigations of the works conducted for two projects, interviews with key Trust staff and agency partners involved in the program, and reviews of program and project documentation.

The Commission submitted the final report to the Trust in early September 2021 and will make the report available after it has been considered by the Trust.

Setting priorities for investment in coastal rivers and estuaries

The Commission has released its final reports on the Environmental Trust’s Coastal Rivers and Estuaries Project.

The Trust engaged the Commission to investigate and better understand how they could invest strategically to achieve significant improvements in the health of coastal rivers and estuaries. The investigation aimed to:

  • improve the knowledge and understanding of past and present health, threats, stressors, management and funding for coastal rivers and estuaries
  • evaluate lessons learned, the barriers and enablers for success, governance models and innovative approaches
  • improve riparian rehabilitation through benchmarking good practice guidelines
  • provide strategic recommendations to guide prioritisation of investment into NSW coastal river and estuary health.

The Commission found the Trust has a significant opportunity to better coordinate, leverage and effectively target their investment. Climate change is driving major changes in our environment and is a key threat to the health of coastal catchments in New South Wales. Understanding and addressing these changes is essential if investments are to have optimal impact on the health of coastal rivers and estuaries.

The Commission designed the proposed investment strategy to address this threat and model a best practice approach to achieve and demonstrate long-term outcomes. The strategy builds on existing knowledge, data and evaluations. The summary of findings outlines key information that informed the development of the strategy.

In addition, the Trust and the Commission have published Good practices in riparian rehabilitation: Benchmarks for Environmental Trust funded projects. The guide’s focus is on riparian rehabilitation for environmental improvement. More information is available on the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment’s website.

This work was undertaken as part of the Trust’s Major Projects program, with advice from an Advisory Group established by the Trust.

Previous advice

Major Projects program

The Trust has noted the Commission's recommendations on the evaluation of the Trust's Major Projects program – one of the NSW Government’s largest environmental funding programs. The evaluation focused on the current governance processes to assess whether the Program’s decision making processes are sound, fit for purpose and maximise public value from the Trust’s investment.

The Commission found the Program’s governing processes are sound, including the selection of priority issues, evaluation of priority issues against the Trust’s objectives, co-design of project business cases by grantees and the Trust, and engagement of Trust’s staff with stakeholders.

The Commission recommended that the Program's governance can be further improved to better achieve the Trust’s objectives by:

  • clearly identifying objectives that will inform future design of the prioritisation and selection processes for each funding stream
  • improving the prospectus process by broadening stakeholder engagement through workshops and improved communication
  • improving the Program oversight by allocating more staff to manage the Program.

During the evaluation, the Commission reviewed 54 Project documents, conducted 18 face-to-face interviews with the Trust staff and stakeholders, conducted eight interviews of successful and unsuccessful grantees, and received 36 responses to the online survey of workshop participants and successful participants.

Linking Landscapes project

The Commission has released its final report on the evaluation of Environmental Trust’s "Linking Landscapes through Local Action" project. The project was funded by the Trust, and delivered by the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage (OEH).

The Trust engaged the Commission to evaluate the Linking Landscapes project. This project was a $10 million component of the broader Green Corridors program, to which the Trust committed $40 million over four years.

The primary objective of the project was to protect and manage conservation values by establishing biobank sites on public land in the Sydney Basin bioregion. These agreements provided ongoing funding for councils to develop and implement long-term management plans to maintain and improve environmental values in seven council-owned sites.

The Commission found the Linking Landscapes project was effective in achieving its primary objective of protecting and managing land with identified conservation values through the establishment of biobank sites. Biobanking agreements resulted in increased on-ground management at all sites, leading to improvements in site conditions. The project also improved the capacity of council staff to manage public land for conservation outcomes.

However, the Commission found a large variation in cost effectiveness across sites. Due to differences in the initial condition of sites, the funding allocated to each site under the agreements varied widely, both in total and on a per hectare basis. There was also a large variation in the long-term viability and recoverability of each site due to the size and location of the site, its exposure to ongoing threats and other factors.

While the project has had positive impacts at the site scale, the Commission considers it unlikely to have had a material impact at the landscape scale. Councils face considerable challenges in addressing future threats and pressures on biodiversity values at the landscape scale.

The Commission recommended initiatives to improve future outcomes for similar projects. The primary recommendation was to improve selection criteria and carry out regular performance reviews to ensure environmental outcomes are cost-effective and can be sustained in the long term.

The Trust and OEH have accepted the Commission’s recommendations.

Contaminated Land Management Program

The Trust engaged the Commission to evaluate a six-year period (2011-2017) of the Contaminated Land Management Program. The Trust provided $12 million in funding over that period to support a range of contaminated land management subprograms, administered by the NSW Environment Protection Authority.

The Commission found that the subprograms varied in their effectiveness, with positive outcomes including coordination of response to large contaminated sites with shared responsibilities, and capacity building in some councils.

The Commission recommended significant changes to the program design, governance and grant administration to improve consistency with the Trust’s policies and good practice, and better target funds to specific desired outcomes.

The Trust and the Environment Protection Authority have provided responses to the Commission's evaluation, and the Trust has announced a revised Contaminated Land Management Program, which will provide up to an additional $3 million over the next three years (see letter from the Trust).

Restoration and Rehabilitation Program

The Commission has released the final report on the evaluation of the Environmental Trust’s Restoration and Rehabilitation Program.

The Trust requested that the Commission undertake an evaluation of the Restoration and Rehabilitation Program, as implemented for the years 2010-2015.

The Commission’s evaluation found that the Program is well-run, the application process is rigorous and transparent, and there are strong governance structures in place. The Commission also made several recommendations in relation to program design, governance and administration, the application process, communication, and monitoring and evaluation.

The Restoration and Rehabilitation Program represents approximately 40 percent of the Trust’s total contestable grants funding. The Program has been funding projects for local priorities for over 25 years. Since 1990, the Program has funded over 1,000 projects worth approximately $70 million.

The Commission developed an evaluation framework to help improve assessment of the Trust’s contestable grants programs. The Commission tested this framework through an evaluation of the Restoration and Rehabilitation Program.

The Commission’s evaluation considered a broad range of issues including the program design, achievement of objectives and long-term impacts, program delivery and administration, monitoring, reporting and evaluation, alignment with government priorities, and value for money.

Priorities for the Environmental Research Program

In November 2014, the Trust asked the Commission to:

  • develop a framework and process for developing priority themes for the Environmental Research Program
  • apply the process to develop priority themes for the 2015 application round
  • provide advice about how the prioritisation process could be further improved for future rounds.

To help develop its advice, the Commission consulted with a range of people, including government investors in research and users of publicly-funded research.

The Commission's final advice to the Trust informed the 2015 application round. See the Environmental Trust website for details.

Roadside Vegetation Implementation Project

The Trust requested that the Commission undertake an evaluation of the Roadside Vegetation Implementation Project.

The evaluation assessed the appropriateness, effectiveness and efficiency of the Project, and informed potential future investment in the management of linear reserves.

The Commission provided advice to the Trust in December 2014 in the form of two reports (see below), an evaluation of Stages 1 and 2 of the Project, and a report with advice for investment priorities for a possible third stage of the Project. The Trust has considered the Commission’s advice and has accepted or partially accepted all of the recommendations (see below).

Further, the Trust has indicated that the Commission's advice will inform the design of a potential third stage of the Project.

To evaluate the Project, the Commission:

  • reviewed available documentation from the Trust, Local Government NSW (the administrator of the funds) and project proponents
  • visited 25 work sites across 11 projects to inspect on-ground activities
  • interviewed representatives of councils and regional organisations that delivered projects, technical experts and representatives of key stakeholders
  • analysed project and program level outputs and outcomes.